Mental Illness and Substance Dependence

Mental illness and substance abuse combined may have devastating effects on patients battling them. Referred to as dual diagnosis, a mental illness together with substance abuse may leave people gasping for control over one’s life. People living with substance use disorders (SUD) are more vulnerable to develop anxiety or depression or any mental health disorder, and vice versa.

Interrelationship between Substance Abuse and Mental Illness

Different national population surveys suggest that nearly 50 percent of people experiencing a mental health disorder during their lives tend to develop a substance use disorder, with the reverse also being true. Further, over 60 percent of adolescents participating in community-based substance use disorder treatment programs also qualify for diagnostic criteria for another mental illness.

Evidences reflect high incidence of correlation between substance use disorders and anxiety disorders such as panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among others.

Substance use disorders may also co-exist with mental illnesses, including depression and bipolar disorder, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), as well as psychotic illness, antisocial personality disorder and borderline personality disorder. People with schizophrenia, as data suggests, may co-occur with tobacco, alcohol, and drug use disorders.

Overall, there is a significant overlap between mental health problems and substance use disorders, representing a vicious cycle between mental health and substance abuse problems.

Cause and Effect

While the absolute contributing factors for co-morbid addiction and mental health disorders are unknown, people living with mental health issues tend to self-medicate using alcohol or drugs, which ultimately leads to dependence and then addiction.

Children and adolescents battling psychiatric problems such as ADHD, conduct disorders, and learning disabilities are more likely to abuse drugs than other youth. Conversely, as the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) suggests, drug abuse early in life is associated with increased risk of psychiatric disorders or accelerates their progression.

People with co-occurring disorders are vulnerable to severe and chronic medical, emotional and social problems. Since they have two disorders, there are higher chances of relapse and aggravation of psychiatric symptoms. People struggling with dual disorders are also vulnerable to challenges including symptomatic relapses, frequent hospitalizations, social isolation, sexual and physical victimization, relationship problems, performance issues, and of course, financial problems.

However, substance abuse in adolescence, which is a major determinant of developing dual diagnosis later, may be controlled by timely screening and treatment of ADHD in childhood. Similarly, addressing substance abuse related problems early could be an effective strategy to prevent the onset of psychiatric disorders as well as improving treatment outcome. Behavioral treatments including cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and motivational enhancement therapy have been found efficacious in treating co-occurring substance abusers and psychiatric conditions.

FSAP EMDR In Treating Addiction

Behavioral compulsions like sexual addiction, addictive shopping, and compulsive gambling create massive changes that affect individuals’ behavior, including their lives. According to Hase, M., Schallmayer & Sack (2008), individuals without treatments for their sexual, shopping, or gambling behaviors have a tendency to suffer enormously. As a result, they have problems with emotional, physical, and financial problems. Based on the psychodynamic etiology of compulsive engagement in gambling, individuals could be explained differently. One in the likely causes of gambling is exhilaration, in conjunction with the increased must please people. Another reason will be the omnipotent incitement or the must engage in risky behaviors to cover up strong feelings of emptiness and desperation. The following reason should be to enhance competitiveness as winning generates a feeling of competency. Other reasons include the have to rebel or get involved in illegal activities, be financially independent, socially conform, that will create an individual perception of countering intolerable feelings (Bae et al., 2015). Treating such compulsive elements of gambling requires dispensing these concerns and avoiding gambling at any cost.

Cognitive-behavioral remedies are a comprehensive program to take care of sexual compulsion (O’Brien & Abel, 2011). The treatment program happens in different phases. The initial one requires creating intervention within the addiction process, educating, and confronting denial. The other phase requires individual attendance with at the very least twelve programs, an avoidance plan, a relapse, prevention plan, therapy, family or partner inclusion, and indignity saving. The last phase needs idea of developmental concerns and biological factors.

The EMDR is usually a psychotherapeutic method devised to deal with the related traumas and is particularly critical for treating PTSD. The significance of EMDR for treating individual behavioral compulsions is stressed by Cox & Howard (2007), who views trauma as a result of sexual compulsions; hence, possible to deal with. Cox & Howard (2007) argues that traumatizing situations usually create a highly compulsive connection. The using EMDR to manage individuals dependent on sex and alcohol involves past events. On the other hand, FSAP on behavioral compulsion demonstrates that compulsions come from the rigidity of positive feelings related to specific individual behaviors. The connection between individual behaviors and feelings is termed a feeling-state. Upon activation, the feeling-state activates the complete psycho-sociological pattern of your person. From the activation follows the inductions on the uncontrolled behavior.

As together with the involvement of compound trauma individuals, the operation is sometimes nonlinear. One instance could be the client who will depend on EMDR therapy to counter the memories that seeking help is unsafe (Hase et al., 2008). As long as it’s addressed, calling out for assistance is always safer. After that, EMDR therapy is usually used in addition to a traditional means of communicating where one plays the role of getting help. The event will be followed by continued utilization of EMDR therapy to counter existing triggers and future uncertainties about the problem. Having offered some support, the consumer might be thinking about addressing an active urge to gamble, participate in sexual activity, and even addictive shopping.

How To Get Rid Of Your Cravings

Addicts can help to eliminate cravings in 3-5 weeks in recovery through medication as well as the help of their doctor plus a solid & disciplined daily regimen. If your cravings are low because of the medication you’ve received from the doctor; the correct and consistent exercise/fitness plan can assist abolish all cravings assisting you to accept a new identity if consistent inside weeks ahead.

The important things about exercise, fitness and bodybuilding for addicts in recovery. Discovering ways where fitness, exercise and bodybuilding will manage to benefit and play a large function in addiction recovery and cause activities that will help in producing maximum health and fitness benefits. Staying safe includes taking care of the whole well-being, and use, fitness, and bodybuilding may help find the nutritious balance of spirit, body, and mind. Addiction recovery includes significant healing from the mind, spirit and the body. Whereas anyone should not rush to activities for instance marathons, beginning a workout routine might help keep them sober and promote inward and outward healing. No matter the being active is chosen, you will find tremendous advantages of training, fitness and bodybuilding.

Recovering from addiction isn’t an easy process that needs commitment. Doing away with substances out of your life causes stress on your mind, body and spirit. The body must figure out how to operate in sobriety and may also sometimes present painful withdrawal symptoms during detox. While your brain suggests that you can not perform together with the chosen drug nevertheless you have to overlook it, It sometimes causes frustrations, plus the situation can be overwhelming, along with the main reason for relapse in several people. Having a healthy method of relieving stress is an effective and crucial idea in addiction recovery.

Bodybuilding, fitness and employ are healthy ways that will help in relieving stress during addiction recovery. When anyone exercises, they experience mood-lifting great things about endorphins that immediately win control. Exercise causes relaxation and employs mind-body linkage burning off the build-up frustrations during recovery and gives an alternative focus.


Although anyone cannot find family or friends to assist them recover from their addiction, they could start stretching out daily and eating healthier to assist them recover. Setting goals that can assist in restoring the confidence in anyone is also essential in addiction recovery. No matter the sort of addiction, the body along with the mind may be damaged with the addiction. Fitness, bodybuilding and exercises improve flexibility, cardiovascular health insurance and mobility. Working out helps in reducing the withdrawal signs and reduces cravings ever since the addicting substance induces the endorphins released during exercise.

Between COVID-19 and Drug Use?

The novel Coronavirus pandemic has had about significant modifications in our lives. Contracting the COVID-19 virus immediately entails norms or Covid protocol like visiting isolation to sneak the chain of transmission. This is a jolt for several.

Many cases are already reported where isolation and social distancing triggered depression, anxiety, anxiousness and stress among people. The unprecedented situation has affected the mental well-being and behavioral health of the many individuals. People throughout the pandemic are also seen acquiring more inclined towards alcohol and drugs.

Moreover, people already under-going de-addiction treatment and so are in the recovery phase have higher likelihood of relapse through the pandemic. Those with a household history of addiction and chemical dependency have higher probabilities of substance abuse.

Risks for addiction
The pandemic has added insurmountable chance of substance abuse for many people people. Since isolation features a negative affect people, they’ve already become at risk of depression, loneliness, stress and fear, forcing those to seek solace in drug abuse.

Those that are already within the grip of addiction face the upper chances, due to limited entry to support network throughout the pandemic. It becomes ominous in the event of any emergency.

With the start of the pandemic the probabilities of contaminated and adulterated drug supply adjusted up manifold on account of shortage in supply and increased demand. There are cases reported where, people happen to be forced to look at risks by using contaminated drugs over the pandemic.

Social distancing has restricted drug supply. As a result, folk have developed heightened yearning for these drugs. Higher variety of drug relapse cases may be reported over the pandemic.

However using different drugs or spurious versions further lowers the immunity of men and women leading to other medical complications amid herpes pandemic.

Advice for difficult times in the pandemic
During the lockdown self isolation could have an adverse affect on people’s minds. The longing for drugs, alcohol along with other substances has grown has raised to a significant level. But, you need to control the intake of substances more during these times.

You might feel on their lonesome, clear of family and friends, anxious, isolated or bored. Your craving to look at more drugs and alcohol might drive you nuts, particularly if are facing anxiety at these challenging times. It is advisable to relax, practice relaxation techniques, spending some time doing household chores or any action that makes you content. You can also find support in virtual networks. Take time seem to talk to your spouse and children to ease your pain.

Precautions to look at
It is incredibly dangerous invest the to alcohol abuse when you are alone because in case there is any complication you will possibly not be able to help yourself. Always keep the telephone numbers of important people, who is able to help you out through the time of distress handy.

More health suggestions
Smoking tobacco, alcohol or any substance use increases the probability of getting infected by Corona virus since these substances weaken the immunity.

Moreover, any drug use, chemical dependency or alcohol causes sleep disorder. It is advisable to eat correctly and have sufficient sleep through these trying times.

If you’re inside recovery phase or need support, developed your help which can be readily accessible. Eating right, working out and maintaining cook can curb yearning for drugs or alcohol.

The Physical Effects of Drug Abuse

Drug abuse could be understood as running of addictive substances like alcohol, opioids, marijuana, or some other chemical variants resulting in emotional, physical, and social harm. Drug abuse could also lead to the growth and development of substance use disorder (SUD), a mental illness that triggers people to make use of compulsive behavior around psychoactive drugs, no matter what consequences.

Drug usage not merely has an affect on the mental and physical health with the user during usage but after anyone stops with these. A alcohol and drugs detox center may help you overcome a dependency and choose a healthy life. They use tailor-made detoxification process in conjunction with psychotherapy and behavioral therapy to aid the user achieve long-term sobriety.

Understanding the physical impact of employing drugs

Drugs impairs the nervous system (CNS). It disturbs brain chemistry including hormonal balance, enzyme production, and antibody generation. With continuous use, the entire body builds a tolerance threshold for that drug. Due to the disturbed body metabolism, an individual experiences an uncontrollable urge for your drug, which slowly takes control of their life. Here we have listed those things of certain groups of drugs on one’s body.

Stimulants: Stimulants can accelerate the CNS. Taking stimulants like cocaine increase brain activity allowing the person experiencing overconfidence and racing thoughts. The physical outcomes of stimulant addiction include increased pulse, blood pressure levels, lack of appetite, and insomnia. Stimulant use can send as their pharmicudical counterpart into hyperactivity leading to seizures, stroke, brain hemorrhage, or cardiac event.
Hallucinogens: Use of hallucinogens blurs the queue between reality and imagination. Use of such drugs can result in poor decision making causing harmful effects and undesirable situations. It could also trigger gastric issues and cramp the jaw.
Depressants: Depressants are CNS inhibiters. They reduce hyperactivity, brain activity, and pulse rate making the consumer drowsy and relaxed. Depressant use also can increase the prospect of developing negative cycles of dependence. Prolonged by using these drugs can bring about unconsciousness and coma, which is often fatal.

Substance abuse will surely have multiple other part effects including:

Weakened immune system
Heart issues
Nausea and abdominal pain
Liver damage
Seizure, swing, alteration of appetite, difficulty in sleeping and weight loss
Reduced brain activity, brain cell damage and mental confusion
Lung disease
Memory dysfunctions
Breast increase in men
Increased body temperature
Altered perception
Extreme sweating
Uncontrollable mood swings
Compromised cognitive abilities
Tingling in limbs
Reduction of pain sensation ultimately causing injury
Unplanned sex and pregnancies

Drugs also results in behavioral changes in anyone. Such changes might be:

Impaired Judgement
Loss of self-control
Suicidal ideation

Risk Factors Associated With Drug Abuse

The risk linked to addiction is determined by various factors including:

Duration of usage
Amount of medication used
Susceptible from the body towards a drug
Source in the drug
Method of administration: oral, inhalation, or injection
Current mental state
Uni or polysubstance use

Long-term Effects of Addiction

Prolonged addiction can result in long-term health effects or permanent destruction of body including:

Increased chance organ damage
Increased chance developing cancer
Miscarriages in females during pregnancy or complications in pregnancy
Collapsed veins because of drug administration by injection
Restricted jaw moment
Change in psychological behavior
Chronic bronchitis
Lack of concentration
Impaired growth and rise in young users
Reduced fertility
Increased likelihood of contracting HIV and hepatitis
Suicidal thoughts or self-harm

Seeking the help of drug detox center to beat the addiction can be an excellent way to regain control of your life. Choose a drugs and alcohol detox center which offers medical detox as well as a comprehensive addiction course of action.

I Decided to Quit Killing Myself

Let me start with saying I LOVE smoking. That is a horrible fact to admit especially with today’s stigma connected to the subject but I go about doing enjoy it.

So this story starts about 38 in the past when I was only a young boy. My parents were 70s kids and in addition they grew up currently where smoking was normal and socially accepted. Everyone smoked and also you could smoke anywhere you went the market, the restaurant the place you were eating dinner, work and also the doctor’s office. Heck including the doctor was probably smoking within the visit to you.

Now I was about 5 to 6 years old and my parents smoked around me and I hated it. I just couldn’t stand the give an impression of the smoke and I hated smelling like smoke constantly. I would gripe and moan begging these to stop telling them it absolutely was nasty and making me sick as well as they would respond while using normal parental response of “quit your bitching”. I remember 1 time I was still really young but I had gotten into my mother’s purse and decided I was intending to make her quit. So I grabbed her pack of “Marlboros” and I would show her and I threw them within the toilet and merely left them floating there. Well my mom found them prefer that and she was furious at me. I probably got called every name inside book but at the conclusion of it all she calmed down and spoke with me regarding it. She said “it really bothers you that bad huh?” Well I just informed her that that it was gross and stinky and didn’t like gonna school and smelling like smoke throughout the day. She agreed that it was a nasty habit understanding that she would try and quit. Well naturally like many individuals who “seek to quit” it really didn’t work. A couple of months then event my mom discovered that she was pregnant in what I was sure was my little brother so when she found she was pregnant she looked over me and said “I will grant you your wish” and she or he never smoked again. Following my mother’s lead Mt dad even made a decision to quit smoking and this day they’ve already never smoked again.

Fast forward about a decade. I was ready 15 or possibly even longer and I knew from this point I had an addictive personality regardless of whether I didn’t determine what that was right at that moment I knew that I tended close to indulge in anything I found enjoyable. One day I was riding my bike along a highway(small town highway) and I found a pack of any nicotine products that must have accidentally been someone. I picked them up though I had never had any curiosity about smoking I thought I was cool with those actions in my pocket. You might be thinking to yourself that should be when he soon began smoking however, you would be wrong. I kept that pack of any nicotine products hidden during my room for months each once in a while I would make them out and look at them and smell them and also act like I was smoking but I knew greater than to ever actually light one up because I knew I may not be able to stop once I started don’t forget all those in the past how nasty my parents smelled because of those actions.

Years went by and I resisted the desire to join all of my friends and all of the “cool kids” and initiate smoking. I worked in restaurants where people smoked and took cigarette breaks while I stayed working but I refused to smoke so I would take air breaks 5 minute breaks where I would leave like all others but but I wouldn’t smoke I would just stand there and breathe. One day I guess I concerned 19 to 20 yrs . old I was returning from a vacation to Louisville KY that has a friend and hubby was smoking and I said oh to heck from it I am about to try one and easily see what the many hype involved. From that first hit of this cigarette. Marlboro Menthol Lights I was hooked. My nerves perceived to calm and I was relaxed and simply felt satisfaction.

So for the following 18 years I was a keen smoker. Smoking between 1 pack to 2 packs daily. I had to get my cigarettes even determining to smoke overeating at times because I couldn’t afford to buy both food and cigarettes.

Drug Use Disorders Often Co-Occur With Other Mental Illnesses

Drug use disorders and mental illnesses go hand-in-hand as people enslaved by drugs have two-times greater risk of developing mood and anxiety attacks as compared to general people, and vice-versa. According to the 2019 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), 24.5 % (or 61.2 million adults) aged 18 or older experienced either any mental illness (AMI) or perhaps a substance use disorder (SUD) before year. Moreover, 16.8 percent (or 42 million people) suffered an AMI however, not an SUD. The survey also reported a 3.9 percent (or 9.7 million people) incidence connected with an SUD and not AMI while 3.8 percent (or 9.5 million people) were found being affected by both an AMI along with an SUD.

Such a higher co-prevalence of AMI and SUD forces someone to think is both these everything’s inter-related and if so, then why?

Co-occurrence: A coincidence or more

The high incidence of co-occurring substance use disorders and mental illnesses is outside of a causal association between your two. Moreover, no indicate any particular sequence inside onset of the situation, due to the fact multiple factors may help with SUDs and AMI, with many of them being outside of each other.

For example, you should see if symptoms have progressed to your specific level (per DSM) to verify the diagnosis for virtually every mental disorder. However, subclinical symptoms could also lead to drug use. Although it is definitely difficult to tell which comes first between AMI and SUDs. However. three possibilities often exist.

Drug use may bring about mental illness: Drug or drugs of usage may be in charge of causing a number symptoms of a mental illness inside the user. The evidence supporting an opportunity comes from the known association between increased probability of psychosis and marijuana in certain users.
Mental illness resulting in drug use: Researchers have been discussing the possible role of mental illnesses in causing drug use. Individuals reporting overt, mild, as well as subclinical mental disorders are liable to drug use as self-medication. Slowly, because the person feels more empowered with the aid of the drug, they become dependent upon it, bringing about an addiction.
Overlapping factors: There are certain factors including genetic vulnerabilities, brain deficits, and/or early experience stress or trauma, which can cause both AMI and SUDs.

All these three scenarios may express themselves (in various degrees for various individuals) for making a case for the co-occurring AMI and SUD.

Exploring common factors

Genetics features a role to try out in both, an AMI plus a SUD. Genetic factors can be quite a significant common link between these conditions, which can be known to give rise to the development of both addiction along with mental illnesses. According to researchers, genetics produce a 40-60 percent contribution to one’s vulnerability to addiction. At the identical time, genes could also act indirectly contributing to enhancing SUD by altering your response to stress or one’s tendency to produce risk-taking and novelty-seeking behaviors.

Similar brain regions could happen. It could be more than a coincidence that inside case of both SUD and AMI, a similar brain regions may take a hit. For example, addictive substances and mental illnesses like depression and also other psychiatric disorders affect dopamine, a chemical that carries messages in one neuron completely to another.

This overlap of brain areas afflicted with AMI and SUDs may suggest a possibility of some brain changes that can be caused from any one these and affecting another.

A report published inside the National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA) suggests that the roll-out of a mental disorder and subsequent alterations in brain activity often increase one’s the likelihood of using substances by reducing understanding of their unwanted effects, amplifying their great results, or relieving the unpleasant effects caused as a result of mental disorder.